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Southern
Swamps
Southern Swamps

Southern Swamps

The Florida Everglades, or "Grassy Waters" as it was called by the Native Americans, is a vast prairie of sawgrass. Within and surrounding this freshwater marsh are islands of hardwood trees called hammocks, palmetto pine scrub, cypress heads, and coastal mangroves, each a natural and distinct community in itself.

In this semi-tropical environment, there are annual wet and dry seasons, which shape the life cycles of the region's plants and animals.


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Alligator Snapping Turtle Southern Swamps

Alligator Snapping Turtle

Macrochelys temmincki

Biome: Southern Swamps

Classification: Reptiles

Biography: The alligator snapping turtle is the largest freshwater turtle in North America. Primitive in appearance, it can be recognized by its large, heavy head, and the three rows of spiky ridges along its massive shell. It is sometimes confused with the common snapping turtle,... More >


American Alligator Southern Swamps

American Alligator

Alligator mississippiensis

Biome: Southern Swamps

Classification: Reptiles

Biography: American alligators are important members of their ecosystem, and are regarded as keystone species. Many animals are affected by their existence. Young alligators are prey for wading birds, turtles, snakes, mammals, and larger alligators. Alligators over 4' are at the top... More >


Barred Owl Southern Swamps

Barred Owl

Strix varia

Biome: Southern Swamps

Classification: Birds

Biography: A barred owl is the second largest owl in Pennsylvania, surpassed only by the great horned owl in size. It is easily recognized by its stocky body, large dark brown eyes, and the puffy round head with no ear tufts. The horizontal bars on the throat and upper breast, and... More >


Southern Swamps

Cottonmouth

Agkistrodon piscivorus

Biome: Southern Swamps

Classification: Reptiles

Biography: This venomous snake is named for the white lining of its mouth which flashes open in a defensive display when threatened. Often confused with harmless water snakes, the cottonmouth can be identified by its heavier body, thick, blocky head, vertical pupils, and the... More >


Dusky Pygmy Rattlesnake Southern Swamps

Dusky Pygmy Rattlesnake

Sistrurus miliarius barbouri

Biome: Southern Swamps

Classification: Reptiles

Biography: Like most pit vipers, a pygmy rattlesnake uses the "sit and wait" method of hunting. This snake has been observed in the same location for up to three weeks, patiently waiting for unsuspecting lizards, frogs, rodents, and insects. Also known as a ground rattler, the color... More >


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Creatures of the Night

October 14 - October 16, 2016

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October 21 - October 23, 2016

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