Pronghorn

Pronghorn

Antilocapra americana

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Biography

Built for speed, the pronghorn is the fastest land animal in North America and is second only to the cheetah worldwide. It can sprint close to 60 mph for short distances and cruise at 40 mph for miles at a time. Large protruding eyes provide a wide field of vision for keen eyesight. If danger is spotted, a pronghorn raises its white rump hairs and releases an alarm scent to signal the herd to flee. Although bucks and does both have horns, the male's are longer and have a forward-facing prong, giving the species its name. Unlike all other horned animals that keep their horns, the pronghorn's outer horn sheaths are shed and regrown yearly. Some pronghorn herds undertake seasonal migrations, traveling 150 miles between their summer and winter feeding grounds, in search of grasses, sagebrush, and other prairie plants. Found only in North America, the pronghorns range stretches from the southern Canadian Prairies through the western United States to northern Mexico. Once numbering in the millions, by the 1920s the number had dropped to less than 20,000. Through conservation efforts, populations have increased and are now stable within most of their range, with the exception of the endangered Sonoran and Peninsular subspecies.

Our Animal's Story

We have two pronghorns on exhibit. They are extremely tame, sometimes even running to greet the keepers when they see them getting close to the exhibit. Sage is our doe and her birth date is June 14, 2015. She arrived at our zoo on October 16, 2015, from Bear Country USA in South Dakota. Callum is our buck. He was born at ZooAmerica on June 5, 2018. Both pronghorns were handraised, which keeps them calmer and more comfortable interacting with humans.

silhouette of mountain range